Top 10 Richest States In Nigeria (2023)

In this article, we will be discussing the top 10 richest states in Nigeria by GDP.

Nigeria is a federal republic comprising 36 states and a Federal Capital Territory (FCT). The country has abundant natural resources such as oil, natural gas, minerals, and agricultural produce.

The economy of the country is mainly driven by its oil sector, which accounts for about 70% of its revenue and 90% of its foreign exchange earnings. The other sectors that contribute to the economy include agriculture, manufacturing, and services. The top 10 richest states in Nigeria are listed below, along with a brief explanation of their economic activities:

Read Also:10 Most Developed States In Nigeria

Lists Of  The Richest States In Nigeria By GDP

  1. Lagos State: The Economic Powerhouse Lagos State stands out as the richest state in Nigeria. Located in the southwestern part of the country, it is not only the smallest state in terms of land area but also the most populous. Lagos State boasts a thriving economy driven by sectors such as finance, commerce, entertainment, and real estate. It is home to Nigeria’s financial hub, with many national and international banks and businesses having their headquarters in Lagos. The state’s strategic location, bustling seaports, and vibrant business environment contribute to its economic dominance.
  2. Rivers State: The Oil and Gas Hub Rivers State, situated in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria, is renowned for its vast reserves of crude oil and natural gas. As one of the major oil-producing states in Nigeria, it plays a crucial role in the nation’s oil and gas sector. Rivers State is home to Port Harcourt, a prominent industrial and commercial center in the country. The state’s economy revolves around oil and gas exploration, refining, and related industries, making it one of the wealthiest states in Nigeria.
  3. Delta State: Oil Wealth and Agricultural Resources Delta State, also located in the Niger Delta region, is another oil-rich state in Nigeria. The state’s economy is driven by oil and gas activities, with significant contributions to the nation’s oil production. Additionally, Delta State possesses fertile land, which makes it an agricultural powerhouse, particularly in the production of crops such as oil palm, cassava, yam, and rice. The combination of oil wealth and agricultural resources positions Delta State among the richest states in Nigeria.
  4. Ogun State: Industrial and Manufacturing Hub Ogun State, situated in southwestern Nigeria, has emerged as a major industrial and manufacturing hub. The state’s strategic location, bordering Lagos State, makes it an attractive destination for industries and businesses. Ogun State is home to several industrial estates and free trade zones, hosting a wide range of manufacturing companies. The state’s economy is driven by industries such as textiles, food processing, automobile assembly, and construction materials. Ogun State’s industrial prowess contributes significantly to its economic prosperity.
  5. Oyo State: Agriculture and Education Oyo State, located in southwestern Nigeria, is known for its vibrant agricultural sector and educational institutions. The state boasts fertile farmlands, supporting the cultivation of crops such as cocoa, cassava, maize, and yam. Oyo State is also home to prestigious universities and colleges, attracting students from across the country. The combination of agricultural wealth and educational opportunities positions Oyo State among the richest states in Nigeria.
  6. Edo State: Natural Resources and Tourism Edo State, situated in southern Nigeria, is blessed with abundant natural resources and a thriving tourism industry. The state is known for its oil and gas reserves, as well as solid minerals such as limestone, granite, and marble. Edo State is also home to historical and cultural landmarks, including the ancient city of Benin and its famous bronze artifacts. The state’s natural resources and tourism contribute significantly to its economic prosperity.
  7. Akwa Ibom State: Oil and Gas Revenue Akwa Ibom State, located in the Niger Delta region, benefits from its vast reserves of crude oil and natural gas. The state’s economy heavily relies on revenue from the oil and gas sector, with investments in exploration, production, and refining activities. Akwa Ibom State is also known for its beautiful coastline and tourist attractions, further contributing to its economic growth.
  8. Enugu State: Coal and Commercial Activities Enugu State, situated in southeastern Nigeria, was historically known for its coal deposits. Although coal mining has declined over the years, the state’s economy has diversified into commerce, trade, and services. Enugu State serves as a commercial hub for the region, with a bustling market and business activities. The state’s strategic location and commercial ventures contribute to its economic prosperity.
  9. Kwara State: Agriculture and Livestock Kwara State, located in north-central Nigeria, boasts fertile agricultural lands suitable for crop cultivation and livestock rearing. The state is known for its agricultural outputs such as maize, cassava, yam, and cattle farming. Kwara State’s agricultural wealth, coupled with its contributions to the nation’s livestock industry, positions it among the richest states in Nigeria.
  10. Cross River State: Natural Resources and Tourism Potential Cross River State, situated in southern Nigeria, is endowed with rich natural resources and tourism potential. The state is home to pristine rainforests, wildlife reserves, and beautiful landscapes. Cross River State also possesses solid minerals such as limestone and granite. The state’s natural resources and tourism prospects contribute to its economic growth.

In conclusion, these top 10 richest states in Nigeria showcase a combination of factors, including oil and gas reserves, industrial activities, agricultural wealth, educational institutions, natural resources, and tourism potential. Their contributions to Nigeria’s economy and development are significant, making them key drivers of the nation’s prosperity.